Abstract Popular and iconic masterpiece of Leonardo Da Vinci's "La Joconde" or with its more prominent name "Mona Lisa", which identified with the humanist ideal of the 16th century Renaissance classicism was a source of inspiration for many artists, however, modern and post-modern artists tried to depreciate its value with its parodical reproductions. These reasons contributed to the situation; The effects of the 18th century Enlightenment project caused changes from science to art, redefined all areas of social life including art and this phenomenon transformed into a rebellion. In this context, the people refused the flawlessness, perfectionism and outstanding language of aristocracy, and also ignored the classical art practices. At the beginning of the 20th century, after seeing that the Enlightenment Project failed to keep its promises, the artists questioned and rejected the ideology of modernism which was nourished with the Enlightenment Project. In this era, later to be known as late modernism, the art gained new expansion opportunities as people questioned the system as a whole. Modern artists gravitated towards the anarchism-based movements in order to derange the capitalist system of their era which was built on inequality and refused the outstanding aesthetic rules. In the postmodern period, new political and social movements, especially late-capitalism, causes a change in the mindset of the West. In this period, the chaotic state of the world reflects as new challenges on politics and art. Postmodern aesthetic concept eliminates the uniqueness-originality obsession of the modernism and falls into a process of art history recycle. Post-modernists start copying each work of the past in order to eliminate and reject the backbone of the modernism, which is the principle of originality. In this context, post-modernists frequently employ the "Seizin" post-modern art strategy to belittle the originality. Artists especially perform this with the reproduced image of Leonardo Da Vinci's "La Joconde" or "Mona Lisa", which is a masterpiece that best reflects the eminence of the classicism. In this way, they introduce a new proposition to art by questioning the formed structure of the art since the classicism period. The content of this study includes the examination of the Leonardo Da Vinci's "La Joconde" in the historical process of art and in accordance with an extensive source that includes the parodical reproductions of the work such as books, texts, articles and dictionaries. The explanation of the findings obtained are available in sections. The pictures are also respectively available with the related subjects in order to be able to examine and visualize the research subject properly. The result section includes an evaluation on the subject of this study.
Classicism, Modernism, Postmodernism, Parody, Seizin
|Author :||Gökçen ŞAHMARAN CAN|
|Number of pages:||44-64|