Prior to the First World War, countries established alliances among themselves in their own interests, and this bloc began in 1882 with an agreement with Germany, the Austro-Hungarian Empire and Italy. However, Italy later declared its neutrality, citing the pretext that the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which had begun the First World War, acted without consulting it. Italy, which declared its neutrality when the war started, signed the London Treaty with England and France on 26 April 1915 and took part in the Entente Bloc. With the Jean de Maurienne Treaty, the control of a rectangular region surrounding İzmir, Konya and Antalya from Anatolian lands was left to him. However, it was disappointing for Italy to leave Izmir to Greece at the Paris Peace Conference held on 18 January 1919 at the end of the war. Greece began the occupation of Izmir (Smyrna) on the morning of 15 May 1919. In this study, the two Italian newspapers Avanti and La Stampa, which appeal to different social and cultural masses, were searched in order to examine the occupation of İzmir from different perspectives; reflections of the occupation of İzmir by the Greeks in the Italian press were discussed.
Italy, Izmir, Smyrna, Avanti, La Stampa.