Ottoman Padishah Knobs And Codes As A Symbolic Value For Weaving And Motific Properties
Dokuma Ve Motif Özellikleri Açısından Sembolik Değer Olarak Osmanlı Padişah Kaftanları Ve Şifreleri

Author : Hikmet ÖZTÜRK -- Tarık YAZAR
Number of pages : 148-168

Abstract

The bases of clothing culture of the Ottoman Empire are our ancestors who lived in Central Asia. In the Ottoman Empire XIX. Up to a hundred years old shalwar, inner shirt, entari, caftan and others have been used as clothing products. Caftans and inscriptions are among the most important of the Ottoman attire. The caftans served as a sort of uniform used by the Ottoman Empire for the working life of the Sultan. The clothes, which are called as Kaftan and used in uniform quality, are very ornate and have different weaving properties primarily as palace clothes. The ornamentation and weaving characteristics of the caftans can vary according to the user. There is a large collection about the kaftans of the sultan in the Topkapi Palace Museum. Apart from this collection, there are not many caftans reaching daily. Caftans, besides being a clothing product, also had the characteristics that represented the power and prestige of the Empire. The Ottoman Sultan caftans carried symbolic values in terms of valuable fabrics, accessories, patterns, weaving and motif features. In the sultan's clothes, the powers represented by the sultan were symbolized as cloth patterns in the caftans. Herbal motifs were the most used type of motif in touch fabrics. Botanical motifs alone or in combination with other motif types created. The most important plant motifs are rumi, palmet, miso, lotus, tulip, carnation, hyacinth, rose, pomegranate, apple, saz style, Turkish rococo, plane leaf, dagger leaf, cone, tree and wheel. The verses, traditions, and symbols found in the textures and ornaments of some kaftans and inner liners are understood from the texts that can be processed in a shirt only in three to four years. It is believed that the meanings of the letters and numbers on these shirts, which they wear to protect the sultan's people, to win in battle, to protect from evil, and to cure, will light the history of the Ottoman Empire and solve the mystery of many events. In this research, information about Ottoman sultan kaftans and their ciphers was given as symbolic value in terms of weaving and motif characteristics. The technical characteristics of the fabric weavings were evaluated according to the country, city, materials and techniques, and the caftans were evaluated over the sultan clothes. The symbolic characteristics of the sultans' caftans, which are woven and motif features of the fabrics used in the caftans, the symbolic characteristics of the sultan's caftans, how the powers represented by the sultan are symbolized as cloth patterns in the caftans, the features of the Ottoman sultans to protect and heal from various situations such as enemies and evil, The depths of the symbols on the shirts have been studied and tried to be explained visually.

Keywords

Caftans of the Sultan, Weaving and Motifs, Talisman, Code, Symbol.

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